9 Camels’ biological fluids contained nanobodies: promising avenue in cancer therapy – Cancer Cell International 
Do Camels Pee? (How Often And How Much?) 
Camel’s pee is a yellow-colored liquid byproduct of its body; it is mostly water and waste from the blood. Camel’s kidneys make it when they filter toxins and other bad stuff from the body.
It contains nitrogen, ammonia, urea, creatinine, creatine, hippuric acid, and chloride. Benzoic acid, phenylacetate, and citric acid have also been reported in camel urine
Albumin is important, as it helps camels retain water.. As a comparison, normal pH values for humans are from 4.6 to 8.0.
If Camel Humps Don’t Contain Water, What’s Inside? 
While camels can drink as much as 32 gallons of water in less than 15 minutes, the humps on their backs do not hold H2O. Instead, the animals store fat in their odd-looking protrusions, enabling them to traverse the desert for days when food is scarce
An adult camel can store up to 80 pounds of fat in its humps. When the animals tap into the stored nutritional fat, the humps decrease in size and slump to the side
The dromedary camel has one hump while the Bactrian camel has two humps.. The reason why camels store fat on their backs and not throughout their bodies may be because the humps are used for insulation and to protect the animals from solar radiation, according to Lunds Universitet in Sweden
Do camels urinate often? 
Camels drink a lot of water when they are dehydrated, but they do not store water to use later on. They urinate infrequently, and their pee is very concentrated
Camels’ kidneys have a 1:4 cortex to medulla ratio.. Camels do pee on themselves, mostly on their back legs
Sometimes, camels will lift their tails before urination.. A typical camel can drink 200 liters (53 gallons) of water in three minutes
15 Cool Facts about Camels 
Somalis say, “Why does the camel smile? Because it knows the 100th name.”. – Camel pee can be as thick as syrup because they retain water.
I know, I drank it in Somaliland and bore the consequences). – A camel’s hump does not store water, it stores fat
– Camels have a double row of long, curly eyelashes to keep out sand and dust.. – Camels can drink up to 40 gallons of water at a time.
Chapter 7: Camels, llamas and alpacas 
Camels can live in dry lands where there is little feed and water available. Most are one-humped but in northern areas where there are cold, dry lands two-humped camels are found.
Llamas and alpacas are small camel-like animals from the cold, dry mountain areas of South America. The llamas are also used as pack animals (to carry loads)
If they are fed and kept well they do not get many diseases.. Camels are used for riding, transport and agricultural work
How long can a camel go without water? 
A hump full of water could come in handy in a camel’s line of work, but these bulges are actually filled with fat. That store of fat is like a spare tank of gasoline in your car trunk
In fact, the longer a camel goes without eating or drinking, the more visibly deflated its hump becomes. But give it adequate water and food, and camel humps plump up in a matter of days.
During winters in the Sahara Desert, camels have been known to survive six or seven months without actually drinking [source: Lumpkin]. Granted, camels get liquid from the plants they eat during that dry spell, but it’s still an incredibly long time sans drinking water
Curious things about camels 
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SALT LAKE CITY — Throughout the spectrum of Earth’s varied environments, we find numerous different habitats, and inside every habitat, we find numerous pocket environments. And inside those pocket environments, we invariably find species of organisms perfectly adapted to live there, as comfortably as a round pegs in round holes.
But the camel is the hexagon peg to the desert’s hexagon-shaped hole.. “Camels are perfectly suited to live in some of the harshest conditions in the world,” says Mike Kuhn, a zoo keeper at the San Diego Zoo who works closely with the camels
Bactrian camel | Adaptations, Range, & Facts 
Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.. Bactrian camel, also called domestic Bactrian camel or Mongolian camel, either of two of the three living species of camels inhabiting the steppes and arid regions of Eurasia
ferus) is limited to a few small pockets in China and Mongolia. Both Bactrian camels are distinguished from Arabian camels, or dromedaries (C
Greek philosopher Aristotle is thought to have given the Bactrian camel its name to differentiate it from the single-humped Arabian camel, though many scientists believe it to be a misnomer, as the camels were likely not native to or domesticated in the ancient region of Bactria (modern Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan).. Bactrian camels are the heaviest members of the camel family (Camelidae), weighing up to 1,000 kg (2,200 pounds), with domesticated Bactrian camels having larger cylinder-shaped back humps, a more robust body, heavier legs, and a more rounded skull than their wild relatives
Camels’ biological fluids contained nanobodies: promising avenue in cancer therapy – Cancer Cell International 
Camels’ biological fluids contained nanobodies: promising avenue in cancer therapy. Cancer Cell International volume 22, Article number: 279 (2022)
Innovative strategies are needed to aid in the diagnosis and treatment of different types of cancers. Recently, there has been an evolving interest in utilizing nanobodies of camel origin as therapeutic tools against cancer
Nanobodies are characteristically small-sized biologics featured with the ability for deep tissue penetration and dissemination and harbour high stability at high pH and temperatures. The current review highlights the potential use of nanobodies that are naturally secreted in camels’ biological fluids, both milk and urine, in the development of nanotechnology-based therapy for treating different typesQuery of cancers and other diseases
How do camels survive in deserts? 
You will be able to access your list from any article in Discover.. Camels are well suited to their desert habitats, with numerous clever adaptations that help them to tolerate extreme hot and cold environments.
There are three species of camels living today and most are domesticated. The one-humped dromedary (Camelus dromedarius) is found in dry regions in Africa and Asia, including the Sahara Desert and Middle East
Camels’ humps are often associated with these animals’ ability to go for long periods without taking a drink. Camels are generally found in areas with limited water and vegetation
Evaluation of the effectiveness of virgin camel’s urine as antifungal agents 
1Department of Biology, Jouf University, Saudi Arabia. 2Department of Botany and Microbiology, Minia University, Egypt
Correspondence: Hani MA Abdelzaher, Professor, Biology Department, College of Science, Jouf University, P.O. Received: October 31, 2020 | Published: November 13, 2020
Evaluation of the effectiveness of virgin camel’s urine as antifungal agents.J Bacteriol Mycol Open Access. In the religion of Muslims, urine of the virgin camels is considered a method to treat some diseases
Fun Camel Facts For Kids 
Deserts have always provided a challenge to humans and other animals due to their extreme weather conditions and low vegetation. However, one animal has evolved to be just perfectly suited to this life
They are the Arabian or Dromedary Camels, along with the domesticated and wild Bactrian Camels. Called the ‘Ship of the Desert,’ they are famous for going without water for a long time
Camels are found mainly in the continents of Asia and Africa with a feral population of Arabian Camels found in Australia. They are quite abundant in number except for the Wild Bactrian Camels who are the only ones naturally occurring in the wild.
Why do camels pee on themselves?
Why do camels pee on themselves?
Why do camels pee on themselves?